Raúl Lozza 


Raúll Elbio Lozza was born in the early hours of the morning of October 27th, 1911, in Alberti, Province of Buenos Aires, western region of the humid pampas, territory of immigrants, land of cereal and cattle, where the Museum that is named after him stands. 
It was at the very same time, on the same day, in the same month and year that Kafka wrote in his Diary: "The evil spirits get into the people who drink from a badly made glass", that Raúl let out his first cry. Later, He would point this out in the first of the twenty letters addressed to León Benarós, one of the frequent visitors to Raúl’s, the historical apartment at 1219 Cangallo Street (nowadays called Juan D. Peron) in the city of Buenos Aires, where the Concrete-Invention Art Association was founded in the decade of the Forties. "How can the influence of the Czech writer’s statement be diminished in the engraving of my own profile, the reason for my existence, always judging and condemning the retraction and inaction in the process of thinking and acting ?", he thought. 

Raúl Lozza’s grandparents, Francesco Lozza (view image) and Giussepa Salvareschi, were born in Pavia, in Lombardy, Italy, and came to Argentina in 1886. The railroad tracks headed north, towards a town called Alberti, which had been founded precisely on October 27th but of the year 1877. Rafael Carlos Lozza, Raúl’s father, was four years old when he arrived in Argentina. He was a Masonic free thinker and a follower of Garibaldi. Like many of his ancestors, he was also an efficient plastic artist, as well as a decorator, a scenographer, a flute player, a signer and opera lover, a designer and a wood craftsman. The death of Raúl’s grandfather, Francesco, a shoemaker by trade, was a nightmare. His addiction to drinking and his wrath led him to his death. Raúl remembered that "well meaning neighbors and eventual healers would move about to the rhythm of their prayers and moaning, while they boiled the patient’s clothes and sent off smoke through the chimney in order to get rid of the evil spirits". More dismal experiences were in store for him: "domestic peace, he pointed out, was marked by hidden premonitions, everything looked like the Salado river that surrounded us, whose flowing waters whispered gentle messages from strange places, which arrived and departed, but in whose innermost entrails the potential of a destructive nature was hiding". Francisco’s son, Rafael Carlos Lozza, gained a reputation for his intense cultural activity. He founded an orchestral group called "Los hijos del Vendaval". In 1910 he married Emma Righeti and from this union three children were born. Raúl, the primogenitor, and then his two brothers Obdulio, born in 1913, and Rembrandt Van Dyck, born in 1915. Carlos Rafael was an important figure of the Albertine society, not for being a wealthy man, which he was not, but because of his knowledge and social activity. He was elected President of the Italian Society of Mutual Help "La Fraterna" and began to design a lyrical theatre for the people. Towards 1916,


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